The world of web hosting can be overwhelming with so many acronyms and unknown words. Use this guide to help you grasp the basics.
We’ve all been there before: we attempt a new hobby or skill and immediately feel like we’re drowning under the intense learning curve. Reselling domains and web hosting can be just the same. However, once you grasp some of the basics, knowing the difference between DNS, CMS and TLD can be very helpful as you launch your online business.
Note: To help, but not overwhelm you more, we’ve added links to many of the definitions which will let you learn more about a particular topic.
Resell.biz’s Official Domain Name And Web Hosting Dictionary:
Apache: The world’s most popular web server application. It is distributed under an open source license and runs on most UNIX-based operating systems.
API: Application Programming Interface; a gathered set of protocols for building software applications.
Bandwidth: The amount of data that can be carried from one point to another in a given amount of time. This is usually measured in billions of bits per second, or rather gigabytes per second.
Cloud Hosting: A web hosting option that uses resources from various machines in order to create a virtual “cloud”. Cloud hosting is highly redundant and scalable making it a viable solution for many circumstances.
CMS: Content Management System; a computer application that simplifies managing a website. With a CMS you can build an entire website with minimal technical skills. It takes all your text and images and establishes an order so your website looks professional. Some popular examples are WordPress, Joomla! and Drupal.
cPanel: A web hosting control panel that lets you easily manage your website and hosting account. cPanel uses a graphical interface to simplify the process of hosting a website on a server.
CPU: Central Processing Unit; the processor that runs a server. Increasing CPU power can increase the speed of your website and applications.
CSS: Cascading Style Sheet; a style sheet language that determines the look and feel of a website.
Data Center: a facility used to house web servers and other computer associated components.
Dedicated Hosting: A hosting option that allows a particular person or organization sole access to a server. This gives the user freedom to use the resources as they wish without having other sites on the server.
DNS: Domain Name System; a worldwide system that translates domain names into IP addresses. When you type in a domain name you begin the DNS process which returns the appropriate IP address for the site you’re looking for. Once your browser has the IP address it can display the website.
Domain Reseller: A person or organization that purchases domain names and resells them to consumers in order to build profit. Resell.biz specializes in helping you start a domain reseller business.
Drupal: A popular CMS that is used to organize and publish content on the web.
FTP: File Transfer Protocol; a standard network protocol that is used to transfer files from one computer to another. This is the most common method of transferring files from a computer to a server.
gTLD: generic Top Level Domain; a category of TLDs that is available for anyone to own. More and more new gTLDs are being released every month. Examples: .com, .ninja, .money.
HTML: Hyper Text Markup Language; a markup language that describes web pages. HTML is a series of tags that creates a layout for a web document. This is the guts of most websites.
HTTP: Hyper Text Transfer Protocol; a procedure for distributing information across the web.
ICANN: Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers; a nonprofit organization that is in charge of coordinating and maintaining several databases related to the internet. They are primarily responsible for managing domain names.
IP Address: a unique set of numbers that points to a location on the internet. Every domain name is linked to an IP address which is how a user’s computer can find a site on the web.
Joomla: A widely used CMS that is used for corporate sites as well as small and personal sites.
Linux: A free operating system (OS) that powers the vast majority of websites on the internet. Most web servers run on Linux.
Migration: the process of moving from one server to another. This is generally managed by your web hosting provider.
MySQL: A common open-source database application.
PHP: Another common programming language seen in websites.
RAM: Random Access Memory; the memory allocated to your server. More memory can increase the speed and/or number of applications and processes you can run at the same time.
Reseller Hosting: The process of reselling web hosting. Resell.biz specializes in helping you start a reseller hosting business.
Shared Hosting: A type of web hosting that involves sharing a web server with many other sites. This is the most cost-efficient web hosting option and is ideal for smaller sites that don’t have an overly large amount of traffic.
SSL certificate: Secure Sockets Layer Certificate; a security method that ensures safe transfer of information across the internet. This is particularly useful for ecommerce or transferring sensitive data.
Subdirectory: Files and folders that are part of a domain. Example: blog.resell.biz/.
Subdomain: An additional piece of your domain name. This is often used when businesses decide to diversify their product offering. It helps you branch out your site from just the single domain. This is not required, but it is commonly seen among larger sites with different entities within. Example: www.mail.google.com.
TLD: Top Level Domain; this is the last piece of your domain name which follows the last dot. This can be thought of as the suffix of your domain name, and it is required in order to find a web page. Example: .com, .net, .biz.
Web Hosting: An internet hosting service that allows people to store websites on servers and makes their sites readily available to the public. This is necessary in order to have your site live on the internet.
Windows: The world’s most common desktop operating system, developed by Microsoft. Also a common server platform.
WordPress: A popular CMS that powers a large amount of the websites on the internet today. WordPress.com is still primarily used for blogging whereas WordPress.org is more for building and managing sites.
Web Server: A computer that stores and serves up web pages. Websites are stored, or hosted, on servers.
We’d like to know what other terms are new to you as you enter the world of domain names and web hosting. Comment below or send us a tweet @resell.biz with your questions.